2023

Vehicle Health Index

Published by CarMD, April 2023

Highlights

The CarMD Vehicle Health Index of check engine light-related car repair trends is published each April during Car Care Awareness Month to remind vehicle owners about the importance of paying attention to maintenance and warning lights. Here are some highlights from calendar year 2022 (scroll down to see stats for the 10 most commonly diagnosed check engine light repairs in the U.S., regional trends and more).

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Stats
Rank Vehicle Repair Total Average Repair
Cost
(Parts & Labor)
% 2022
Repairs
Change in Rank
Since 2021
1 Replace Catalytic Converter(s) with new OE Catalytic Converter(s) $1,313.46 6.10% No change
2 Replace Oxygen Sensor(s) (O2S) $242.34 5.38% No change
3 Replace Ignition Coil(s) and Spark Plug(s) $392.65 4.78% No change
4 Replace Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor $303.61 4.63% No Change
5 Inspect for Loose Fuel Tank Cap and Tighten or Replace as Necessary $24.84 4.06% No Change
6 Replace Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) Canister Purge Control Valve $137.47 3.93% from no. 8
7 Replace Ignition Coil(s) $213.70 3.72% from no. 6
8 Replace Fuel Injector(s) $423.71 2.54% from no. 7
9 Replace Thermostat $238.58 2.21% No change
10 Reprogram Powertrain Control Module (PCM) $109.22 1.94% New to list

(10 most common vehicle repairs are based on 17,728,913 repairs recommended in calendar year 2022 on 1996-2022 model year vehicles. This data applies to > 85% of cars, light trucks, minivans, SUVs and hybrids on the road in the U.S. – foreign and domestic. Source: CarMD.com Corp.)

Rank Vehicle Repair Total
Average Repair Cost
in the West
(Parts & Labor)
% 2022
Western U.S.
Repairs
Change in Western Rank
Since 2021
1 Replace Catalytic Converter(s) with new OE Catalytic Converter(s) $1,387.22 5.97% No Change
2 Replace Oxygen Sensor(s) (O2S) $253.53 5.21% No Change
3 Replace Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor $320.74 4.91% No Change
4 Replace Ignition Coil(s) and Spark Plug(s) $392.53 4.49% No Change
5 Inspect for Loose Fuel Tank Cap and Tighten or Replace as Necessary $25.35 4.45% No Change
6 Replace Ignition Coil(s) $217.20 3.83% No Change
7 Replace Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) Canister Purge Control Valve $139.59 3.56% from no. 9
8 Replace Fuel Injector(s) $450.10 2.38% from no. 7
9 Replace Thermostat $239.03 2.24% from no. 8
10 Reprogram Powertrain Control Module (PCM) $108.39 2.05% No Change

(10 most common vehicle repairs in the Western U.S. are based on 5,095,033 diagnosed repairs in 2022 in AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA and WY. This data applies to roughly 85% of cars, light trucks, minivans and SUVs on the road in the U.S. – foreign and domestic. Source: CarMD.com Corp.)

Rank Vehicle Repair Total Average Repair Cost in the Midwest (Parts & Labor) % 2022 Midwest U.S. Repairs Change in Midwest Rank Since 2021
1 Replace Oxygen Sensor(s) (O2S) $228.09 5.69% No Change
2 Replace Catalytic Converter(s) with new OE Catalytic Converter(s) $1,267.69 5.66% No Change
3 Replace Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) Canister Purge Control Valve $134.37 4.51% from no. 7
4 Replace Ignition Coil(s) and Spark Plug(s) $394.22 4.31% from no. 3
5 Replace Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor $279.43 4.20% No Change
6 Inspect for Loose Fuel Tank Cap and Tighten or Replace as Necessary $24.60 3.98% from no. 4
7 Replace Ignition Coil(s) $213.44 3.05% from no. 6
8 Replace Fuel Injector(s) $409.24 2.73% No Change
9 Replace Thermostat $234.17 2.25% No Change
10 Replace Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) Purge Solenoid $140.13 2.08% No Change

(10 most common vehicle repairs in the Midwestern U.S. are based on 3,573,806 repairs in 2022 in IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD and WI. This data applies to roughly 85% of cars, light trucks, minivans and SUVs on the road in the U.S. – foreign and domestic. Source: CarMD.com Corp.)

Rank Vehicle Repair Total Average Repair Cost in the NE (Parts & Labor) % 2022 NE U.S. Repairs Change in NE Rank Since 2021
1 Replace Catalytic Converter(s) with new OE Catalytic Converter(s) $1,298.78 6.56% No Change
2 Replace Oxygen Sensor(s) (O2S) $260.21 5.97% No Change
3 Inspect for Loose Fuel Tank Cap and Tighten or Replace as Necessary $23.86 5.38% No Change
4 Replace Ignition Coil(s) and Spark Plug(s) $388.69 4.51% No Change
5 Replace Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor $309.55 4.48% No Change
6 Replace Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) Canister Purge Control Valve $140.10 4.20% from no. 7
7 Replace Ignition Coil(s) $216.86 3.82% from no. 6
8 Replace Fuel Injector(s) $427.77 2.15% No Change
9 Replace Thermostat $241.58 2.06% No Change
10 Reprogram Powertrain Control Module (PCM) $108.53 2.04% New to Ranking

(10 most common vehicle repairs in the Northeastern U.S. are based on 1,957,504 repairs in 2022 in CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI and VT. This data applies to roughly 85% of cars, light trucks, minivans and SUVs on the road in the U.S. – foreign and domestic. Source: CarMD.com Corp.)

Rank Vehicle Repair Total Average Repair Cost in the South (Parts & Labor) % 2022 Southern U.S. Repairs Change in Southern U.S. Rank Since 2021
1 Replace Catalytic Converter(s) with new OE Catalytic Converter(s) $1,295.87 6.29% No Change
2 Replace Oxygen Sensor(s) (O2S) $239.95 5.32% No Change
3 Replace Ignition Coil(s) and Spark Plug(s) $392.93 5.23% No Change
4 Replace Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor $301.04 4.69% No Change
5 Replace Ignition Coil(s) $211.35 3.99% from no. 6
6 Replace Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) Canister Purge Control Valve $137.04 3.80% New to Ranking
7 Inspect for Loose Fuel Tank Cap and Tighten or Replace as Necessary $24.85 3.56% from no. 5
8 Replace Fuel Injector(s) $419.34 2.66% from no. 7
9 Replace Thermostat $239.31 2.15% No change
10 Reprogram Powertrain Control Module (PCM) $109.09 1.93% No change

(10 most common vehicle repairs in the Southern U.S. are based on 7,517,283 repairs in 2022 in AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, TN, VA, SC, TX and WV. This data applies to roughly 85% of cars, light trucks, minivans and SUVs on the road in the U.S. – foreign and domestic. Source: CarMD.com Corp.)

2022’s repair costs …
Year Labor Parts Total Avg. Repair Cost
2009 $138.37 $221.13 $359.50
2010 $143.61 $212.44 $356.05
2011 $118.61 $215.32 $333.93
2012 $138.96 $228.88 $367.84
2013 $157.23 $235.26 $392.49
2014 $161.61 $228.77 $390.38
2015 $155.15 $232.16 $387.31
2016 $162.46 $235.41 $397.87
2017 $141.16 $216.29 $357.45
2018 $157.04 $223.81 $380.85
2019 $148.26 $236.64 $384.90
2020 $144.09 $234.68 $378.77
2021 $143.35 $249.22 $392.57
2022 $142.66 $261.05 $403.71

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